Part 1 of 2 posts
Want to see what Savannah looked like in the late 1800’s?
These 150 year old photos and drawings from during the war to just after the turn of the century will give you an idea of what the city looked like back in the day.
Established in 1733, Savannah was the 18th largest city in the US by 1820– based upon slavery, rice, cotton and international trade. The city had recovered from the yellow fever epidemics and the major hurricane of 1854. According to the 1860 US census, there were about 22,000 inhabitants, a third of which were slaves. By 1864, it was the Confederacy’s sixth most populous city and the world’s largest supplier of cotton– making it a prime target for US General William Tecumseh Sherman– who spared destruction of the city giving it to President Lincoln for a Christmas present.
Map of Savannah in 1812, showing Oglethorpe’s acclaimed “Savannah Plan” of streets and squares. The polygonal grids surrounding the city on the west, north and east were tidal rice fields. The areas just south of town were for local food production and a city commons.
Bay Street and the Savannah River 1864
General Sherman’s Army Entering Savannah- Dec. 21, 1864
General Sherman’s headquarters- the Gothic revival Green-Meldrim House still extant today
Sherman’s Headquarters on New Year’s Day 1865
St. John’s Church 1865
Fountain at Forsyth Park 1865
West Broad Street at River Street, Savannah Ca. 1865
Cotton Bales on River Street 1865
Bay Street 1867
After Reconstruction, the city grew to about 65,000 by 1910.
The Greek revival Chatham County Courthouse, as photographed in 1889, was built in 1833.
Hotel Tybee 1895- end of the railroad line at Tybee Island beach
Shipping Cotton, Savannah ca. 1900
Savannah’s beautiful Union Station on West Broad Street (now MLK) 1902
Loading a Lumber Schooner 1902
1904 Cotton Steamships
Liberty Street ca. 1905
Ruins of Hermitage Plantation 1907
Previous slave’s cabins at Hermitage Plantation ca. 1907
The DeSoto Hotel 1908
1908 Bird’s Eye View of Savannah
Germania Bank, one of the first “skyscrapers” in Savannah, built in 1904, photographed prior to 1913. This building was demolished in 1975.
Map of Savannah in 1910
In Part 2, photos will show the rise, decay and rejuvenation of 20th century Savannah.
Until then, here is a current view of Savannah from the river.